SofoNic – Environmental problems (part 2)

Oxana Delgadillo & Livio Gonzalez   

"Remember, we have not inherited the world from our ancestors,
rather, we have received it on loan from our children.”

Drought, exhausted or infertile soils, high costs of agricultural inputs (fertilizer and pesticides), along with low prices for farm products, intensified by the limited resources of the producers leads to inefficient use of these inputs or agricultural practices, resulting in low levels of productivity and profitability. Other difficulties are the high incidence of plagues and diseases, as well as the scarcity of feed for livestock during the dry periods.


Among the technological problems, destruction of the natural resources (vegetation, soil and water and a deteriorating climate) leads the list. Additionally, inefficient management of the inputs or the neglect of positive agricultural practices (management of encroachment, diseases and plagues, vaccinations, treatment of parasites, and inadequate storage) lead to unnecessary costs. While this brings increased costs, it does not improve yields, much less profitability.

Other relevant problems concern the weak organization among the rural population, especially the formation of leaders who are points of communication and facilitators of the necessary steps of the groups organized at the community level.

Insufficient farm income does not allow small producers access to credit. The low productivity of traditional products, lack of storage capacity, elevated costs of production and transport, the short rainy periods and unequal commercial trade, translate into a near total lack of economic liquidity and low living standard, which does not facilitate the necessary capital and personnel investments in the farms.

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Orlando Espinosa
Civil Engineer
Spanish, Russian, some English.
Equipment development, MCR workshop installation, operative project implementation


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