When the flow of oil stopped Among the basic needs of humanity - food, clothing and shelter - our work embraces shelter. EcoSouth addresses the great housing deficit in southern countries. http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/experiences/when-the-flow-of-oil-stopped 2018-10-23T05:55:17+00:00 EcoSur: Concrete Roof Tiles, puzolanic cement, earth houses, ecomaterials paulcoyote@gmail.com Joomla! - Open Source Content Management When the flow of oil stopped (VI): Housing 2012-11-28T22:42:28+00:00 2012-11-28T22:42:28+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/experiences/when-the-flow-of-oil-stopped/499-when-the-flow-of-oil-stopped-vi-housing Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <p style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; color: #000000; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 21px;"><img src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/nov2012/petroleo_vivienda_cuba.jpg" border="0" alt="Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo: VI: Vivienda" width="550" height="281" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px;" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">The shortages had a great impact on the ongoing social housing programs and, as housing is a constitutional right for the Cubans, the government had declared that the housing program would continue to be a priority. The dramatic reduction in availability of materials like cement and steel and the closing of prefabrication prompted a local movement for the production of “low energy consumption materials”.</p> <p style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; color: #000000; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 21px;"><img src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/nov2012/petroleo_vivienda_cuba.jpg" border="0" alt="Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo: VI: Vivienda" width="550" height="281" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px;" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">The shortages had a great impact on the ongoing social housing programs and, as housing is a constitutional right for the Cubans, the government had declared that the housing program would continue to be a priority. The dramatic reduction in availability of materials like cement and steel and the closing of prefabrication prompted a local movement for the production of “low energy consumption materials”.</p> When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply 2012-09-14T18:55:29+00:00 2012-09-14T18:55:29+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/ch-5-transport-and-food-supply Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <div style="text-align: center;"><img style="text-align: center; border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; margin: 5px;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/sep2012/camello.png" width="550" height="291" alt="When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply - Foto MagicOlf - Flickr" /></div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;"></div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">Long distance transportation, although not perfect, also functioned. However, the shortage of fuel combined with the scarcity of spare parts for the vehicles led to the collapse of this system in the first years of the special period. Thus compelled, the government sought alternatives for short, medium and long distance transportation.</div> <p>During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"><img style="text-align: center; border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; margin: 5px;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/sep2012/camello.png" width="550" height="291" alt="When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply - Foto MagicOlf - Flickr" /></div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;"></div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">Long distance transportation, although not perfect, also functioned. However, the shortage of fuel combined with the scarcity of spare parts for the vehicles led to the collapse of this system in the first years of the special period. Thus compelled, the government sought alternatives for short, medium and long distance transportation.</div> <p>During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.</p> When the flow of oil stopped (IV): Descentralization 2012-08-17T01:30:09+00:00 2012-08-17T01:30:09+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/ch-4-descentralization Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <p style="font-size: 14px; text-align: center;"><img style="border-image: initial; margin: 5px; border: initial none initial;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/ago2012/cope_descentralization_cuba.jpg" width="550" height="271" alt="INTENTOS PARA HACER FRENTE A LA CRISIS: LA DESCENTRALIZACIÓN " /></p> <p>The way the economy had been organized in Cuba from 1959-1990 could not resist the impact of the dramatic drop of the energy supply, something we could call “Cuban peakoil”, and the country had to seek ways to copewith the new situation. Following are insights into attempts to cope focusing upon decentralization, transportation, food provision and housing.</p> <p style="font-size: 14px; text-align: center;"><img style="border-image: initial; margin: 5px; border: initial none initial;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/ago2012/cope_descentralization_cuba.jpg" width="550" height="271" alt="INTENTOS PARA HACER FRENTE A LA CRISIS: LA DESCENTRALIZACIÓN " /></p> <p>The way the economy had been organized in Cuba from 1959-1990 could not resist the impact of the dramatic drop of the energy supply, something we could call “Cuban peakoil”, and the country had to seek ways to copewith the new situation. Following are insights into attempts to cope focusing upon decentralization, transportation, food provision and housing.</p> When the flow of oil stopped (III): The reforms 2012-07-06T01:06:42+00:00 2012-07-06T01:06:42+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/ch-3-the-reforms Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">future would bring for them. The first reaction of</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">the government to the unexpected crisis was to</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">encourage savings, above all in energy and</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">commodities, until the country could return to a</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">“business as usual” situation. Many thought the</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">Special Period would be a temporary situation,</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">with an estimated length of about 2-3 years.</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">However the unfolding of events indicated that it</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">would take years for Cuba to return to the level of</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">social and economic development achieved</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">during the 1980s.</div> <div></div> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; margin: 5px; border: initial none initial;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/jul2012/cap_03_peak_oil_reformas.jpg" width="450" height="280" alt="Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo (III): Las reformas" /></p> <p>After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June 1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the future would bring for them. The first reaction of the government to the unexpected crisis was to encourage savings, above all in energy and commodities, until the country could return to a “business as usual” situation.&nbsp;</p> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">future would bring for them. The first reaction of</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">the government to the unexpected crisis was to</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">encourage savings, above all in energy and</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">commodities, until the country could return to a</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">“business as usual” situation. Many thought the</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">Special Period would be a temporary situation,</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">with an estimated length of about 2-3 years.</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">However the unfolding of events indicated that it</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">would take years for Cuba to return to the level of</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">social and economic development achieved</div> <div id="_mcePaste" style="position: absolute; left: -10000px; top: 0px; width: 1px; height: 1px; overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden;">during the 1980s.</div> <div></div> <p style="text-align: center;"><img style="border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; margin: 5px; border: initial none initial;" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/jul2012/cap_03_peak_oil_reformas.jpg" width="450" height="280" alt="Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo (III): Las reformas" /></p> <p>After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June 1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the future would bring for them. The first reaction of the government to the unexpected crisis was to encourage savings, above all in energy and commodities, until the country could return to a “business as usual” situation.&nbsp;</p> When the flow of oil stopped (II): Special Period in Cuba 2012-06-01T19:19:20+00:00 2012-06-01T19:19:20+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/ch-2-special-period Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><img alt="When the flow of oil stopped: The Special Period in Cuba" height="335" width="550" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/petroleo/bicicletas_santa_clara.jpg" style="border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px; text-align: center; margin: 5px;" /></span></div> <p>The impacts of a sudden and massive cut in oil and energy supply is a situation that could eventually become a flash forward for developed countries. For Cuba the cut happened suddenly. While it will be for different reasons and from different causes, the end of the supply of oil is on the horizon. Countries can plan for the future.</p> <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><img alt="When the flow of oil stopped: The Special Period in Cuba" height="335" width="550" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/petroleo/bicicletas_santa_clara.jpg" style="border-image: initial; font-size: 14px; line-height: 22px; text-align: center; margin: 5px;" /></span></div> <p>The impacts of a sudden and massive cut in oil and energy supply is a situation that could eventually become a flash forward for developed countries. For Cuba the cut happened suddenly. While it will be for different reasons and from different causes, the end of the supply of oil is on the horizon. Countries can plan for the future.</p> When the flow of oil stopped: Prelude 2012-05-02T18:54:40+00:00 2012-05-02T18:54:40+00:00 http://www.english.ecosur.org/index.php/chapter-1-prelude Administrator paulmoreno@gmail.com <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; text-align: center;"><img width="550" height="295" style="margin: 5px;" alt="Kurt Rhyner (I) y Fernando Martirena (D)" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/petroleo/kurt_rhyner_fernando_martirena.jpg" /></p> <p>How the crisis called "The Special Period" affected Cubans after the collapse of socialism in Eastern Eurpoe is the focus of reflections upon those times by Fernando Martirena with Kurt Rhyner, both key players and motors of the EcoSur Network.</p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; text-align: center;"><img width="550" height="295" style="margin: 5px;" alt="Kurt Rhyner (I) y Fernando Martirena (D)" src="http://www.ecosur.org/images/stories/petroleo/kurt_rhyner_fernando_martirena.jpg" /></p> <p>How the crisis called "The Special Period" affected Cubans after the collapse of socialism in Eastern Eurpoe is the focus of reflections upon those times by Fernando Martirena with Kurt Rhyner, both key players and motors of the EcoSur Network.</p>